There are many types of diabetes, but the main types of these are – type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune diabetes in which the pancreas does not even make insulin at all. While insulin is produced in type 2 diabetes, it is not effective. In type 1 diabetes, we need insulin every day, otherwise there are chances of severe symptoms like Keto cirrhosis. Whereas in type 2 diabetes insulin is formed but it is not effective, due to which the drugs are used. But in some cases patients of type 2 diabetes may need insulin. While drugs do not play a role in type 1 diabetes, the patient needs to take insulin daily. Type 1 diabetes is likely to be higher in young people and especially after 60 years of age. While type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur between 35 and 60.
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes reduces insulin production or stops producing insulin, and can be controlled to a great extent. While people with Type 2 diabetes have a high level of blood sugar, which is very difficult to control. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are not the same, there is a lot of difference between the two.
Type 1 diabetes
In this type of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed and thus insulin is not possible to form. It is caused by genetic, auto-immune and some viral infections, due to which beta cells are completely destroyed in childhood. This disease is usually seen in the age of less than 12 to 25 years. Type 1 diabetes is more in Sweden and Finland. According to the Health Ministry, only 1% to 2% of cases in India have Type 1 diabetes problems.
Type 2 diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes have a high level of blood sugar, which is very difficult to control. In this situation, the sufferer feels more thirsty, there are problems like frequent urination and frequent hunger. It can happen to anyone, but it is seen more in children. In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin properly.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Who is Type 1
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any time in childhood, even in old age infancy. But type 1 diabetes is usually seen in a state of less than 6 to 18 years. That is, it is a disease that occurs in children. Although the number of people suffering from this type of diabetes is very small, only 1% to 2% of people in India have type 1 diabetes.
Who is Type 2
At present, children are also getting type 2 diabetes due to lack of exercise and high intake of fast food. It is visible to people under the age of 15, especially in children of 12 or 13 years. It is occurring more among women than men. The disease is more common to people who are overweight, usually BMI is higher in people over 32. It may also be due to genetic reasons.
Prevention of Diabetes
Insulin is given for the prevention of diabetes. Insulin is a type of hormone which is very useful for our body. It is through insulin that blood cells get sugar, that is, insulin works to deliver sugar to other parts of the body. The sugar supplied by insulin provides energy to the cells.